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AEIS考試:before和ago的區別

課窩文章發表時間2020-12-09 課窩文章標簽AEIS考試,AEIS報名網站 課窩文章喜歡人數

  無論是參加什么考試,基礎是我們必須重視起來的,AEIS考試也不例外,尤其是AEIS語法更是需要我們刻苦學習,為了幫助大家鞏固基礎,下面我們就一起學習before和ago的區別!

  1.ago表示“從現在起的若干時間以前”,意思是“距今……以前”,需和過去時或過去進行時連用。before泛指“從過去起的若干時間以前”,意思是 “距過去某時……以前”“與其……”,常和完成時連用,尤其在間接引語中,如:I visited him three days ago, but he had gone to Shanghai a week before.我三天前去訪問他,但他已與那時的一周前到上海去了。

  His parents died ten years ago.他父母十年前都去世了。

  He said that his parents had died ten years before.他說他父母親十年前都去世了。

  I have never been there before.我以前從來沒有去過那里。

  2.如果不具體表明多少時間以前,只用before不用ago,意為“從前、以前”。before仍以副詞的形式置于被修飾語后,常與完成時候過去時連用。如:

  Have you seen this film before?

  He asked me whether I had been to the Great Wall before.

  3.表示在某一點時間或事件以前時,只用before不用ago,這種用法是將before當作介詞或連詞使用。ago不具有這一功能。如:

  They will come back before six o’clock.

  It is hoped that this will be finished before the year 1995.希望這件工作將在1995年以前完成

  另外,before在句中的含義較多。不少句子中,before雖然引導的也是一個時間狀語,但是譯成漢語時卻不必譯為“在……以前”。

  a.如果before引導的從句動作發生得晚或慢,可譯成“……才”。這是主句主語或是名詞、代詞,或用it作形式主語.

  He had almost knocked me down before he saw me.他幾乎把我撞倒才看見我。

  It will be hours before he arrives.要過幾個鐘頭他才回到達。

  You must sow before you can reap.有播種才能有收成。

  b.如果強調從句動作發生之前,主句動作已發生,可譯成“未……就”或“還沒有……就”。

  Before I could get in a word he had measured me.我還沒有來得及插話,他就給我量號了尺寸

  Lu Ban built nine pavilions, but before he could finish the tenth, he heard a cock crowing.魯班建了九個亭子,但他還沒完成第十個就聽到公雞叫了起來。

  c.有些句子中的before可譯為“先……然后”、“先……再”。

  Don’t count the chickens before they are hatched. 不要樂觀得太早。

  Be pupil before you become a teacher.先做學生,再做先生。

  有些句中的before還可譯為“在……內”、“趁”、“沒”。

  They arrived before I expected.我沒想到他們到得那么早。

  Study hard before it is too late.趁早努力學習。

  I had better go now before it is too late.最好我現在就走,免得太遲.

  I will be through this book before three days have passed.我要在三天內看完這幾本書.

  before sb.knew it 一類習慣說法,常譯為“不知不覺……就”、“還沒弄清……就”、“不知怎么地……就”。

  Time passed quickly and three months went by before Aqiao knew it.時間飛快的流失,阿巧不知不覺地在那里度過了三個月。

  He fell from the tree before he knew it.他不知怎地一下就從樹上掉了下來。

  4.加強語氣,表示“早已”的意思或使敘述顯得更生動,ago也可以用于完成時。如:

  I had thought that he had died at least twenty years ago.我本以為他至少二十年前就去世了。

  In fact, I have long time ago known the secret.其實我早就知道那個秘密。

  5.在表示對過去事情猜測的“情態動詞+have+過去分詞”或“動詞的非謂語形式+have+過去分詞”的結構中,ago也可以和完成時連用。如:

  The building is said to have been destroyed in a fire two years ago.據說那棟大樓在兩年前的一場大火中已被燒毀。

  The incident must taken place years ago.這是一定發生在好幾年以前。

  You can not have met him a moment ago.剛才你不可能遇見他。

  He may have left an hour ago.他可能在一小時以前就走了。

  Having read the article a week ago, I know it very well.一個星期以前我已讀過這篇文章,我很熟悉。

  以上就是小編為大家分享的Ukiset語法before和ago的區別,希望考生們中重視起來,除此之外,大家也要在平時多多積累詞匯,打好基礎。如果想要獲取更多AEIS英語詞匯、AEIS報名網站等更多信息,大家可以線上咨詢我們或繼續關注網站更新的文章!

AEIS考試:before和ago的區別
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